Choosing the right cup size will ensure you are comfortable and get the best menstrual protection. Menstrual cups usually come in two sizes, the smaller size is generally most suited to women under 30 who have not given birth vaginally, and the larger size is for women over the age of 30 who have given birth vaginally.
You may wish to choose a larger cup size if you have a particularly heavy flow although there is generally not a huge difference in capacity so comfort and fit should come first. Once in place you should barely feel it.
New cup users may wish to wear a panty liner for additional peace of mind, especially on heavier days, and we highly recommend the reusable panty liners as a great eco-friendly alternative to disposable panty liners.
Additionally, if you have a low cervix a shorter cup will be best for you as you insert the cup below the cervix.
Menstrual cups can be used by the majority of women! They are suitable for any age, however, they should not be used immediately post-birth until you have healed. Also if you have medical conditions such as a prolapse etc, you should consult with your doctor first.
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) and menstrual cups
While the link between using disposable tampons and TSS has been widely linked there hasn't been the same link made between menstrual cups and the condition. There has been one reported case, that we are aware of, of a menstrual cup user having developed TSS so while it would appear that it is a possibility it seems to be rare. Current advice is to ensure the requisite build up of bacteria which cause TSS is prevented by sterilising the cup prior to reinsertion. Best practice would be to have two menstrual cups and to sterilise one while using the other.
How to Use
Whilst the initial thought of using a menstrual cup may be daunting, once you have gone through a few cycles with them, they become second nature and very easy to use. For the first 2-4 cycles you can use a liner with them, in case of any leaks until you get used to them. While the size of the cup is one consideration, another would be how firm the cup is. If you are more physically active you will find a firmer cup will stay in place better during exercise. A firmer cup is also easier to unfold once inserted. However, if you have a sensitive bladder you may wish to consider a softer cup.
Once you get the hang of it you'll find your cup easy to insert. Firstly ensure you have washed your hands. Then fold the cup and gently insert into the entrance of your vaginal canal. Once inserted, the cup will unfold itself open and will then start collecting your menstrual fluid.
Use the stem to guide your fingers to the base of the cup. Then pinch the base to release the suction seal and slowly remove the cup from the vaginal canal. Don't remove without releasing the suction first!
Between changes, just running the menstrual cup under a tap. At the end of your cycle, they need to be sterilised before storing for your next cycle. Follow the manufacturers instructions which can either be boiling for 15 minutes or microwaving in the menstrual cup clean pots.
If you find you need to empty the cup when you are out and about and don't have running water a quick rinse from a water bottle or a wipe over with toilet paper will suffice.